A form of Protection for you and your family
An asylum or refugee is a form of protection offered to people already in or arriving in the United States, seeking admission at a port of entry, and meeting the definition of a refugee. This may be granted to those who fear that they will be, or have already been, persecuted because of their religion, race, nationality, or participation in a specific social group or political opinion. It must be of special humanitarian concern to the United States to qualify for refugee status. This condition grants you permission to stay in the United States without any type of visa.
Although they cannot apply for employment authorization in the United States while you are applying for asylum, they can apply for a work permit 150 days after you submitted a completed asylum application (this does not include delays for which you are responsible, such as rescheduling an interview per application) and if there has been no decision on your application. Once you are granted asylum, you can start working immediately. However, while it is not necessary for an asylee to be able to work, some asylees prefer to obtain employment authorization documents for identification purposes, or for their convenience.